What is self regulation?
Self regulation is the ability to monitor and control our own behavior, emotions or thoughts, altering them in accordance with the demands of the situation and environment.
Self-regulation learning is a process that assists students in managing their thoughts, behaviours, and emotions in order to successfully navigate their learning experiences.
This process occurs when a students purposeful actions and processes are directed towards the acquisition of information or skills or the creation of new knowledge, products or solutions.
Description and example
Student’s behaviour is regulated by many processes that function outside a students awareness, researchers have found students intentional self regulation predicts school success (Zimmerman 1994). When provided with appropriate opportunities, students can and do learn intentional self-regulation.
Generally, models of self-regulation are separated in three phases:
Forethought and planning – students analyse the learning task and set specific goals
Performance monitoring – students employ strategies to make progress on the learning task and monitor the effectiveness, as well as their motivation for continuing progress towards the goal of the task
Reflections on performance
- students evaluate their performance on the learning task with respect to the effectiveness of the strategies that they chose.
- students manage their emotions about the outcomes